Economics

Prices and Costs of Production in a Free-Market

In a free market, the prices of products tend to be governed by their costs of production.

Wage Rates Under Capitalism

In a free market, within the limit of his abilities, each person chooses that job which he believes offers him the best combination of money and nonmonetary considerations. In so doing, he simultaneously acts for his own maximum well-being and for that of the consumers who buy the ultimate products his labor helps to produce.

Foreign Investment: Protectionism vs. Industrialization (5 of 5)

The prerequisite for more economic equality in the world is industrialization. And this is possible only through increased capital investment, increased capital accumulation. You may be astonished that I have not mentioned a measure which is considered a prime method...

Commodity Speculation in a Free-Market

Speculative activity, of course, is not limited to anticipating just future scarcities. Rather, it seeks in general to balance consumption and production over time by accumulating stocks of commodities and regulating their rate of consumption.

Foreign Investment: Expropriation of Foreign Capital (3 of 5)

Foreign investment is made in the expectation that it will not be expropriated. Nobody would invest anything if he knew in advance that somebody would expropriate his investments. At the time when these foreign investments were made in the nineteenth century, and at...

Global Prices in a Free Market

In a free market, there is a tendency toward the establishment of a uniform price for the same good throughout the world.

Capitalism’s Visible Hand: The Uniformity of Profit Principle

The best way to begin to understand the functioning of the price system, and thus the full nature of the dependence of the division of labor on capitalism, is by understanding the following very simple and fundamental principle. Namely, there is a tendency in a free market toward the establishment of a uniform rate of profit on capital invested in all the different branches of industry.

Interventionism vs Capitalism: The Price Control (2 of 4)

Let us consider one example of interventionism, very popular in many countries and tried again and again by many governments, especially in times of inflation. I refer to price control. Governments usually resort to price control when they have inflated the money...

Can Capitalism Survive? 80 Years After Schumpeter’s Answer

Eighty years ago, in the midst of the Second World War, Austrian-born economist Joseph A. Schumpeter published one of his most famous books, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (1942). A central question that he asked and tried to answer was, “Can Capitalism Survive?”