“Social Justice” Movement Contaminates Montessori Education with Marxist Ideology

by | Jun 30, 2021 | Education

Instead of workshops on social justice topics, Montessori organizations should feature seminars on the value and role of the individual in eliminating racism, and should glorify and celebrate the fact that the Montessori Method is based on individualism.

Social Justice is grounded in Marxism.  It is the theory that society is divided into two classes, the oppressed and the oppressors.  Social justice seeks to take from the oppressors and give to the oppressed.  This is done by: 1) highly taxing the wealthy in order to finance a welfare state and 2) preaching that a certain group is inherently racist and evil so that they are riddled with guilt and cooperate more easily when discriminated against.

Social justice is an ideology that places groups higher than individuals, and holds that all groups should be equal.  If there are any disparities in group outcomes, it is attributed to discrimination and group injustice rather than individual choices and actions, and therefore the more successful groups need to be punished. This results in groups constantly fighting for power over each other. Currently, social justice sees America as inherently racist and it therefore holds that our country must be dismantled.

Justice means that every individual must be judged for who he/she is and treated accordingly. If individuals work to earn their living, they can keep the fruits of their labor.  If individuals violate the rights of others (stealing, murder, etc.), it means the violators go to jail. The American ideal of individual justice is equality under the law regardless of group affiliation such as: race, sex, religion, etc., whereas social justice seeks to reward or punish individuals based on their group affiliation.

Justice applies to everyone.  Therefore, to add the concept “social” is an attempt to change the meaning of justice from equality under the law to equity, equity meaning everyone has a right to something whether or not they have earned it.  That requires the use of force to take from one person for the benefit of another. This is racist and the very antithesis of justice.

Unfortunately, American corporations are caving in to the social justice movement, including some Montessori establishments. [1] Two major Montessori organizations, Association Montessori International/USA (AMI/USA) and the American Montessori Society (AMS) have supported or sponsored conferences that featured workshops or lectures on understanding structural racism, diversity, anti-bias, LGBT students, and much more.  These conferences were put on by an organization called Montessori for Social Justice.  The website for the AMI/USA conference in 2018 states that Montessori for Social Justice is “dedicated to promoting anti-bias, anti-racist Montessori education.  They bring together Montessorians of all trainings to work towards educational equity and the success of all children.” Another Montessori organization, the Montessori Foundation, has formed a task force to address and act on several issues such as eradicating prejudices, establishing a social justice curriculum, and so on.

Well, this is news to me.  I had no idea that Montessori is a biased, racist educational system or that it isn’t for the success of all children.  I frequently get emails that mention ending systemic and internal racism.  Americans, but especially Montessorians, as educators, should recognize that the answer to ending racism is right under their noses.  Here is the explanation.

Racism claims that a person is determined by physical factors out of his control, such as skin color.  It holds that a person’s values and the content of his mind are either determined before birth or are controlled by his social group.  Racism is deterministic; it does not accept free will.  It does not recognize any ability of a person to think for himself, come to his own conclusions, and form his own character.  Racism is the lowest, crudest, and most evil form of judging and relating to others.

The antidote to racism is individualism.  Individualism is the moral stance that recognizes the moral worth of the individual.  It holds that each person develops his own character by the thinking of his own mind, not by the color of his skin or other irrelevant factors.

What can be done to end racism?  The United States has already done a massive amount to end racism, as it was founded on the principle of individual rights.  It was the first country created that recognized individual rights — that each individual has a right to pursue happiness as long as the rights of others are respected.  Yes, slavery existed in 1776, but slavery was not unique to this country.  It was worldwide at the time and, indeed, is still found in parts of the world today.  But it was the idea in the Declaration of Independence that all men are created equal that led to the Civil War and ended slavery in this country.  After that, because people were allowed to associate with each other freely, it took time (as it always does), but they eventually discovered that skin color does not determine the character of a person.  This change in attitude is why this country elected a black president twice.  It is why we have a Supreme Court justice who is black.  It is why Oprah Winfrey, a black woman, is one of the richest persons in the country.  It is why we have had entertainers like Nat King Cole, Johnny Mathis, and the Supremes.  It is why we have popular commentators, like Thomas Sowell, who are admired by people of all races.  And so on.

Education is decidedly instrumental in influencing children’s attitudes toward racism.  Education needs to center on developing the child as an individual.  When the child is viewed as an individual, is treated as an individual, and educated as an individual, children end up viewing each other as individuals rather than as members of certain races.  Racism ignores the fact that humans have a rational faculty.  Racism invalidates reason and choice and replaces them (as Ayn Rand said) with “chemical predestination.”

The Montessori Method does not ignore the rational faculty.  In fact, the entire method was developed to assist the child in creating a clear, reasoning mind based on the facts of reality.  Furthermore, Maria Montessori did not think human beings are determined.  There is no doubt that she thought humans have a free will.  “Free choice is one of the highest of all mental processes.”[2]  “A child chooses what helps him to construct himself.”[3]  Based on this view of human nature, Montessori students are held responsible for their own behavior and are treated as individuals.  Since individualism is the guiding principle in Montessori, the children judge each other based on behavior and attitude rather than race.  The overall result in the children is a benevolent attitude toward their classmates.  They accept each other as individuals, each with his own personality, each with his own strengths and weaknesses.  Individualism is the norm, and they learn to value others’ differences.  Montessori education is not racist.

Eradicating racism was inspired by the Declaration of Independence.  It has been done anywhere where people judge each other as individuals with their own minds and treat each other accordingly.  It has been done in Montessori classrooms, where the child is treated as a distinct person with a free will.  There is no point in being a Montessori educator unless Maria Montessori’s principles are adhered to and supported explicitly.  Instead of workshops on social justice topics, Montessori organizations should feature seminars on the value and role of the individual in eliminating racism, and should glorify and celebrate the fact that the Montessori Method is based on individualism.

This article is an expanded version of an article published in the American Thinker.


[1]  However, not every Montessori school or teacher supports the social justice movement. If you are considering sending your child to a Montessori school, investigate its position carefully.
[2] Maria Montessori, The Absorbent Mind, (New York: Dell Publishing, 1967), p. 271.
[3] Id., p .223.

The views expressed above represent those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors and publishers of Capitalism Magazine. Capitalism Magazine sometimes publishes articles we disagree with because we think the article provides information, or a contrasting point of view, that may be of value to our readers.

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