Kofi Annan and the United Nations

by | Dec 13, 2004 | POLITICS, United Nations

Kofi Annan is in deep trouble. The aura of invincibility that has surrounded Annan in his six-year tenure as United Nations secretary general has been shattered, and it is increasingly likely that he will go in the next six to 12 months. The man who undeservedly won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 is now […]

Kofi Annan is in deep trouble.

The aura of invincibility that has surrounded Annan in his six-year tenure as United Nations secretary general has been shattered, and it is increasingly likely that he will go in the next six to 12 months. The man who undeservedly won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 is now a shrinking figure on the world stage.

Annan is under fire both from within the United Nations and from a growing number of critics in Washington and New York. The $21-billion oil-for-food scandal has proved devastating to the UN’s reputation, and it is likely that the UN’s image will be tarnished for a generation, if indeed the world body avoids the same fate as its predecessor, the League of Nations. The UN is looking more and more like a modern-day Titanic heading for disaster with Annan as its seemingly oblivious skipper at the helm.

From Cox and Forkum

French and Germans

Most in Annan’s position would have leaped overboard months ago, but the stubborn secretary general clings on grimly, buoyed by support from allies such as French President Jacques Chirac and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.

The United Nations has been shaken by calls for Annan’s resignation by Republican Sen. Norm Coleman of Minnesota, as well as by the Heritage Foundation and several leading political commentators in National Review, The Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. It is expected that more senators will follow Coleman’s gutsy intervention in the next few days. In the House of Representatives at least 20 members have already signed on to a resolution drafted by Rep. Roger Wicker (R.-Miss.) calling on Annan to stand down.

At the same time, Annan is facing a growing rebellion among sections of his own staff at UN headquarters in New York, increasingly disaffected over a wave of internal harassment scandals involving senior UN officials. In November, the UN staff employees union passed an historic and unprecedented motion of “no confidence” in the senior management of the United Nations, a thinly veiled attack on Annan himself.

To cap it all, Annan has recently acknowledged and accepted organizational responsibility for a huge scandal involving UN personnel and peacekeepers in the Congo. The UN stands accused of major human rights violations against refugees, the scale of which hugely dwarfs the Abu Ghraib scandal.

The credibility of the United Nations has hit an all-time low. A once revered institution is seen by many as an organization without a moral compass, a world body rife with corruption, sleaze and mismanagement. Central to the UN’s decline has been the oil-for-food scandal, without a doubt the biggest scandal in the UN’s history, and the greatest financial scandal of modern times.

Originally set up by the Security Council in the mid-1990s as a humanitarian program designed to help the Iraqi people, oil-for-food was manipulated by the Iraq dictatorship to enrich a brutal dictator. Evidence is emerging of how Saddam used the program to bribe politicians, officials and businessmen from Security Council members such as Russia and France in an attempt to have sanctions against his country lifted. In addition, Saddam used money gained through exploiting the program to enrich and consolidate his own personal empire at the expense of ordinary Iraqis. Some of Saddam’s money ended up funding the families of Palestinian suicide bombers, and there is a strong possibility that illicit earnings through oil-for-food may be funding the current insurgency in Iraq.

All of this occurred under the watch of UN officials whose job it was to oversee the administration of the program. They included Benon Sevan, the man appointed by Annan to head the oil-for-food program, and who is alleged, in the report of U.S. weapons inspector Charles Duelfer, to have received a voucher for 13 million barrels of oil from Saddam Hussein. Controversy is also swirling around Annan’s son Kojo, who was employed by the Swiss company Cotecna, hired by the UN to inspect the import of humanitarian goods into Iraq. Kojo is now the subject of a major probe by the U.S. Justice Department.

There are no less than five significant investigations on Capitol Hill into oil-for-food. The Senate Subcommittee on Investigations, chaired by Coleman, has been at the forefront of efforts by Congress to get to the bottom of this epic scandal. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the House International Relations Committee, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, and the House Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations have also launched investigations.

However, congressional efforts to establish the truth with regard to the oil-for-food scandal have been greatly hampered by a lack of cooperation from the UN secretary general, and Paul Volcker, the former Federal Reserve chairman who is heading the UN’s own $30 million “independent” investigation. Annan and Volcker have refused to share with Congress no fewer than 55 internal audits into oil-for-food, and will not allow UN officials to testify before Congress. This has created the appearance of a huge cover-up by the UN, as well as a na

Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., is Fellow in Anglo–Ameri­can Security Policy in the Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies, a division of the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for Inter­national Studies, at The Heritage Foundation. (www.heritage.org).

The views expressed above represent those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors and publishers of Capitalism Magazine. Capitalism Magazine sometimes publishes articles we disagree with because we think the article provides information, or a contrasting point of view, that may be of value to our readers.

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